The Habitat Directive has the protection of the rest of the wild species and its|his|her|their habitats like purpose. Their goal is to contribute to preserving the European biodiversitat, through the establishment of an ecological net and a juridical regime of protection of the wild species. It identifies about 200 types of habitats, some 300 animal spices and almost 600 vegetal spices like of community interest, and establishes the need to protect them, for this it forces to measures being adopted to sustain them or to restore them in a favorable state of conservation. It corresponds to the member States of the EU to gauge special zones of conservation and to establish plans of formality that combine long-term conservation with the economic| and social activities, if its proper.
The Directive creates a coherent ecological net of special zones of conservation with the name|noun of Nature 2000, which also includes the zones of special protection designated in accordance with the Bird Directive. The net will be formed by zones where the type of natural habitats is related in annex I and spices of floors|plants and of animals included in the annex II of the Directive. The scientific criteria to gauge the zones that will be included in the net appear in annex III. The Directive urges designating areas of conservation, establishing functional bonds with the territorial matrix that surrounds them and sustaining the ecological coherence of the Net.
Moreover, he establishes a system of global protection of the wild species. In the annex IV of the Directive the species of animals and floors|plants of community interest that require a strict protection even out of the net Nature 2000 are related. Equal that the Bird Directive, the Habitat Directive regulates the exploitation of the spices: in annex V they represent|figure the species of community interest the capture of which in the nature and exploitation they can see themselves subdued in|on measures of formality|management. In annex VI it|he|she represents a list of the methods and means of capture and sacrifice and the ways of transport prohibited for the hunting. The value of this Directive for the conservation of the biodiversity pulls in a basic way in two aspects. On the one hand, it considers the ecosystems and the habitats of determinate spices like key elements for the maintenance of the biological diversity of the EU, and it|he|she converts them into the central object of the community policy|politics of conservation of the nature, overcoming the traditional strategy of performance about isolated species. And, for another, introduces a new concept of principal importance: the ecological values of the community territory a fundamental factor that is necessary to take into account in the planning and the instrumentation of other sectorial policies.